1. General background of China and Hong Kong
Climate- Subtropical, with cool dry winters and hot wet summers.- Rainfall occurs predominantly in the summer, coinciding with the
highest air temperatures.Population- The Pearl River delta, with an area of 23270 km2 (Ma, 1994) and a
population of 15 million (Chan, 1995).- Hong Kong with an area of 1,067 km2 and a population of over 6 million.Industrialization- Since the implementation of the economic reform and open door policy in
1978, the provinces of the South China take the lead.- Organic discharge from the industries textile, plastic, printing, dying,
tannery, food, electroplating and paper production.- Heavy industrial activities and residential population close to Victoria
Harbour, but also in the developing New Towns.