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Global Mercury Assessment

 

Table of Contents

 

Frontpage

Disclaimer and acknowledgement

Key findings of the report

Summary of the report

1          Introduction

1.1       Background and mandate

1.2       Submission of information for this report

1.3       Sources of information for this report

1.4       Scope and coverage in this report

1.5       Purpose of this report

2          Chemistry

2.1       Overview

2.2       Mercury species and transformation in the atmosphere

2.3       Mercury species and transformation in aquatic environments

2.4       Mercury species and transformation in soil

3          Toxicology

3.1       Overview

3.2       Methylmercury

3.3       Elemental and inorganic mercury

3.4       Interactions possible confounding effects of certain nutrients

4          Current mercury exposures and risk evaluations for humans

4.1       Overview

4.2       Evaluations of exposure causing risks

4.3       Routes of mercury exposure a general overview

4.4       Exposure through diets of fish and marine mammals

4.5       Submitted data on mercury concentrations in fish

5          Impacts of mercury on the environment

5.1       Overview

5.2       Eco-toxicological effect levels

5.3       Ecosystems at risk and vulnerable species

5.4       Mercury concentrations in environmental media

6          Sources and cycling of mercury to the global environment

6.1       Overview

6.2       Natural sources of mercury

6.3       Anthropogenic sources of mercury

6.4       Pathways of mercury to and in the environment

7          Current production and use of mercury

7.1       Overview

7.2       Global production

7.3       Current use patterns

7.4       Particulars on chlor-alkali production and gold extraction

8          Prevention and control technologies and practices

8.1       Overview

8.2       Substitution

8.3       Reducing mercury releases

8.4       Waste management practices

8.5       Mercury control costs and effectiveness

9          Initiatives for controlling releases and limiting use and exposure

9.1        Overview

9.2        National initiatives

9.3        International agreements and instruments

9.4        International organizations and programmes

9.5        Sub-regional and regional initiatives

10         Data and information gaps

10.1      National research and information needs

10.2      Data gaps of a general, global character

10.3      Development of Policy tools

11         Options for addressing any significant global adverse impacts

11.1      Overview

11.2      Conclusions with respect to significant global adverse impacts of
            mercury

11.3      Conclusions with respect to possible options for addressing any
            significant global adverse impacts of mercury

11.4      Additional aspects with respect to possible options for addressing
            any significant global adverse impacts of mercury

11.5      Proposals for immediate action to be considered by the UNEP
            Governing Council

12        Glossary, acronyms and abbreviations

References

Appendix - Overview of existing and future national actions, including legislation, relevant to mercury 

 

 

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