Structural and Operational Measures: Best practices
IPM, Integrated Pest Management
IVM, Integrated Vector Management
What is IPM?
Integrated Pest Management is the careful integration of a number of available
techniques that discourages pest population development en keep pesticides
interventions to levels that are economically justified and safe for human
health and the
environment. IPM emphasises the growth of a healthy crop with the least
agroecosystems, thereby encouraging natural pest control mechanism. Promoting
be one way of reducing chemical pesticide use, but there is still no universally
definition of IPM. It is probable that the forms of IPM that will be encouraged
will rely on
biological approaches with the judicious use of some chemical pesticides.
IPM strategy is
undebatable most appropriate and sustainable approach for the control
management of ever-growing pest population.
Principles of IPM
IPM as a corner stone of sustainable agriculture, seeks to improve farmer
practices in order to crate higher profiles while improving environmental
quality and community health. In order
to do this, IPM implementation is based on four practical principles:
- Grow a healthy crop.
- Conserve natural enemies.
- Observe field regularly.
- Farmers become experts.
What is IVM?
IVM uses the same concepts as IPM , of combining methods/products and
strategies with an optimal mix adapted to the local situation, however
introduction of IVM is at a very early stage compared to IPM activities.
Principles of IVM
-To strengthen knowledge base on local vector ecology.
-Transition Vertical vector control programmes to community based Vector
-Capacity building in Cost effectiveness analysis of Vector Control.
-Coordination with Integrated Disease management.