"An action plan outlines the strategy and substance of a regional
programme, based on the region's particular environmental challenges as
well as its socio-economic and political situation."
Find more information on Action Plans in the Regional Seas Programme web
site, where it is possible to download: Guidelines
and principles for the preparation and implementation of comprehensive
action plans for the protection and development of marine and coastal
areas of regional seas.
Introducing POPs issues in Action Plans
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants provide general
obligations and control provisions for intentionally produced POPs, unintentionally
produced POPs as well as for stockpiles and wastes.
- Develop an implementation plan.
- Designate a National Focal Point
- Promote and facilitate a wide range of public information, awareness
and education measures.
- Encourage and undertake research, development, monitoring and cooperation
on all aspects of POPs and their alternatives.
- Report to the COP on:
- measures taken by Party to implement the Convention
- effectiveness of measures taken
- data/estimates for total quantities of POPs traded and lists of
Intentionally Produced POPs
Chemicals listed in Annex A and B will be either eliminated or restricted
and trade will be restricted. For these chemicals the convention provides
exemptions for defined quantities, specific exemptions (designed for each
country and for each chemical), and other exemptions. Specific exemptions
for a particular chemical have a duration of five years after the Convention
enters into force and might be withdrawn by a Party at any time.
- Parties with regulatory and assessment schemes for industrial chemicals
and pesticides, shall, in conducting assessment of:
- new substances, take measures to regulate with the aim
of preventing the production and use of new POPs.
- In-use substances, consider the screening criteria for
candidates for addition to Convention (Annex D).
- These provisions will allow the identification of possible POPs as
soon as possible in these assessment programs.
For PCBs all Parties must:
- cease production of PCBs.
- Eliminate the use of in-place equipment containing PCBs (transformers,
capacitors, etc.) by 2025. (Admitted some specific exemptions).
- Make determined efforts to identify, label and remove from use equipment
containing more than 0.005% (50 ppm) of PCBs, with higher priority given
to equipment containing higher levels of PCBs.
- Not trade in PCB equipment, except for the purpose of environmentally
sound waste management.
- Not recover liquids with more than 0.005% of PCBs for reuse in other
equipment, except for maintenance and servicing.
- Achieve the environmentally sound management of PCBs waste as soon
as possible, but not later than 2028.
- Report to the COP every five years on their progress in eliminating
in-use equipment, and the environmentally sound management of wastes.
COP will review progress toward the 2025 and 2028 targets at 5 year intervals,
taking into account reports from Parties.
For DDT all Parties must:
- eliminate production and use, except Parties that notify the Secretariat
for their intention to produce or use DDT in disease vector control
programmes (an acceptable purpose in Annex B).
- production and/or use must be in accordance with WHO recommendations
and guidelines on use of DDT, and only when locally safe, effective
and affordable alternatives are not available to the Party
- these Parties will be included in a special publicly available
DDT register maintained by the Secretariat.
- Promote research and development to seek alternatives to DDT.
- There are two specific exemptions allowed for DDT related to its use
as an intermediate in manufacturing other chemicals.
Each Party in the DDT register must:
- report on quantities used, conditions of use, and relevance to the
Party's disease management strategy.
- Develop national action plans to :
- confine use of DDT to disease vector management
- explore alternatives to DDT, and
- take measures to strengthen health care and reduce incidence of
- DDT use will be allowed until technically and economically feasible
alternative products, practices or processes are available to countries
that are currently reliant on DDT.
- COP will review at its first meeting and every three years thereafter
to see whether DDT continues to be needed for disease vector control.
Unintentionally produced POPs
- develop action plans within two years of entry into force of
the Convention, and implement their plans to identify, characterise
and assess releases of chemicals in Annex C. The action plan shall include
- evaluate current and projected releases, including development
and maintenance of sources inventories and release estimates.
- Evaluate efficacy of Party's laws and policies to manage such
- Develop strategies to reduce releases.
- Promote education and training on strategies.
- Review success of strategies every five years and report to COP.
- Develop a schedule for implementation of action plan.
- Promote application of available, feasible and practical measures
to achieve realistic and meaningful levels of release reduction or source
- Promote development and, where appropriate, require use of substitute
or modified materials, product and processes to prevent formation and
release of POPs in Annex C.
- Promote, and as provided for in an action plan, require use of best
available techniques (BAT) for new sources within the following industrial
source categories (Annex C, Part II) that have the potential for comparatively
high formation and release of POPs to the environment:
- waste incinerators (municipal. hazardous or medical waste; sewage
- cement kilns firing hazardous wastes;
- pulp production involving chlorine;
- thermal processes used in metallurgical industry (secondary production
of aluminium; copper or zinc; sinter plants in iron an steel industry).
- Phase in any BAT requirements for such new sources as soon as practicable
but no later than four years after entry into force.
- Promote use of best environmental practices (BEP) for these new sources.
- Parties must promote us of BAT and BEP for:
- new sources within categories of Annex C, Part III, and
- existing sources within all categories of Annex C, Parts II and
POPs in stockpiles and Wastes
- develop and implement strategies to identify stockpiles, products
and articles in use, and wastes containing POPs.
- Manage stockpile in a safe, efficient and environmentally sound manner
until they are deemed to be wastes.
- Take measures to handle, collect, transport and store wastes in an
environmentally sound manner and dispose of of these wasted in a way
that destroys POP content, or otherwise in an environmentally sound
manner taking into account international rules, standards and guidelines.
- Not allow recovery, recycle, reclamation, direct reuse or alternative
uses of POPs.
- Not transport these materials across international boundaries without
taking into account international rules (e.g. Basel Convention).
- Develop strategies for identifying contaminated sites and , if remediation
is attempted, do it in an environmentally sound manner.
Action Plans in the framework of the regional Seas Programme that
have already taken into account initiatives to address POPs:
Helsinki Convention (Baltic Sea).
The Baltic Sea Joint
Comprehensive Environmental Action Programme Recommendations For Updating
And Strengthening. 1998.
The OSPAR Convention, the Convention for the Protection of the
Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic Oslo and Paris conventions
(adopted 1974, revised and combined into OSPAR Convention 1992, in force
Action Plan 1998-2003 (update 2000).
with regard to Hazardous Substances.
of OSPAR July 1998 - June 1999. Implementation of the OSPAR Action Plan
Mediterranean Action Plan
(MAP) Phase II
Action Plan for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Sustainable
Development of the Coastal Areas of the Mediterranean (MAP Phase II),
as adopted by the Contracting Parties at the Conference of Plenipotentiaries
held in Barcelona, Spain from 9 to 10 June 1995. It includes the Barcelona
Resolution and the Priority Fields of Activities for the period to the
year 2005, as adopted by the Contracting Parties at the same Conference
of Plenipotentiaries. (phaseii.zip,
Strategic Action Programme to address
pollution (2001). (doc file).
PAME, the Programme for the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment
of the Arctic Council.
of Action for the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment from Land-based
Activities, September 18, 1998. (pdf file)