DDT Information System - Glossary
AFRO – WHO Regional Office for Africa
Agrochemicals – Chemicals used in agriculture production systems including fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides
a.i. – active ingredient
Anopheles – Genus of various species of mosquitoes which transmit Malaria and other vector diseases.
Arbovirus – An arthropod-borne virus; human diseases caused by arboviruses include dengue, Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever and West-Nile encephalitis
Arthropod – Class of animals that includes insects, mites, and spiders.
BC – Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal.
Bio-accumulation – Increase in the concentration of a pollutant in an organism compared to its direct environment or food.
Bio-magnification – Increase of the concentration of a pollutant as it moves from one trophic level to another through the food chain.
Biological Control – Using a living organism (natural enemy) to control a pest. The biological control agent can for example be an insect, a fungal disease, a bacterium or a virus.
Carbamates – Group of synthetic pesticides
Carcinogenic – causing cancer
CIEN – Chemical Information Exchange Network
COP – Conference of the Parties
DVC – Disease Vector Control
DDT – (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis (4-chlorophenyl)ethane) CAS No. 50-29-3
DDT-IS – Joint WHO/UNEP Information System on DDT
Ecology – The science of relationships between communities of organisms and their environment
Endocrine System – The hormonal system, regulating numerous bodly functions
EMRO – WHO Regional Office for Eastern Mediterranean
FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of th United Nations
Food Chain – The links between food organisms and consumers (e.g. from plankton to fish to fish-eating bird); more correctly: food web.
Formulation – The pure pesticide substance can seldom be used as it is. It is therefore formulated with solvents, dispersants and other additives.
GEF – The Global Environment Facility
IARC – International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO).
IDM – Integrated Disease Management.
Incident – The number of new (disease or infection) cases over a given period, usually a year.
INC – Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee of the Stockholm Convention
IPEN – International POPs Elimination Network.
IPM – Integrated Pest Management
IRS – Indoor Residual Spray
ITMs – Insecticide-Treated Materials
ITNs – Insecticide-Treated Nets
IPVM – Integrated Pest and Vector Management
IVM – Integrated Vector Management.
LD50 - Measure of toxicity – the dose that will kill 50% of a population. The unit is usually mg (toxin) kg (body weight).
Malaria – A parasitic disease caused by organisms of the genus Plasmodium, transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles
MOU - Memorandum of Understanding
Mutagenic – Causing mutations.
NAPs – National Action Plans
NIPs – National Implementation Plans of Stockholm Convention
Organophosphates – Group of synthetic insecticides.
PAHO – Pan-American Health Organization
Party – Member state that ratify the convention.
PEEM – Panel of Experts on Environmental Management to Vector Control (WHO/FAO/UNEP)
Pheromone – A substance (odour) used for communication between individuals of the same species. Vital for locating mates for many insects.
PIC - The Prior Informed Consent.
POP pesticides – The POPs which are pesticides (nine of the twelve listed in the SC)
POPs – Persistent Organic Pollutants – chemical substances with the characteristics listed in the introduction of the SC.
ppb – Parts per billion.
ppm – Parts per million.
Prevalence – The number of (disease or infection) cases divided by the total number of people at risk at one particular moment in time.
Pyrethroid – Group of synthetic insecticides that are toxic to insects also in low doses.
RC – Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC)
RBM – Roll Back Malaria
SC – Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).
SEARO – WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia
Sp. – Species (singular)
Spp. – Species (plural)
SSC – Secretariat of Stockholm Convention
t – metric ton (1000 kilograms)
Teratogenic – Causing fetal damage.
UNCED – United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in 1992. Also know as the Rio Conference.
UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme
Vector – Organism – often an insect – transmitting an infection from one person to another or from an infected animal to a person.
WHO – World Health Organization
WHOPES – WHO Pesticides Evaluation Scheme
WPRO – WHO Regional Office for Western Pacific
Last updated on: 21-May-2007